lemon, nimbu

What are LemonNimbu? Glossary | Uses, Benefits, Recipes Viewed 86236 times

Also Known As
Citrus Limon, Limboo, Limbu, Lime, Nimbu, Sour lime.

What is Lemon, nimbu?


Lemon comes under the fruit category. It is round, bulgy and green to yellow coloured fruit. It has a tart taste, due to presence of citric acid and turns sweeter on maturing.

These are ovoid or egg shaped, have sour to sweet taste, depending on their maturity. They have a nipple at the apex and may be slightly ribbed. When peeled, they give off a pleasant aroma from the oil glands. The skin may be thick or thin and the pulp is pale yellow coloured, fragmented, juicy and acidic. There are ovoid seeds present at the core.

Grated lemon rind
Lemon rind is the peel or the skin of lemon fruit. To remove lemon rind, wash the fruit thoroughly. Now with a scraper or a sharp knife, gently start peeling the skin from top to bottom. It should consist of only the thin yellow skin and not the white portion. It has a nice fragrance and is used as ingredient in baked goods. Grate it with a grater to make grated lemon rind. It should be stored in air tight container under refrigeration until its use. Its main purpose is for its flavor. You can also use it in garnishing a salad or as a dressing for a mock tail, which consists of lemon fruit.
Lemon juice
First wash it under running water. Now hold on a chopping board and cut into 2 halves using a sharp knife. Lemon juice is prepared by placing each lemon halve in a lemon squeezer and pressing it. You can also place a strainer on a bowl and then squeeze the lemon juice with one hand and collect the seeds in the strainer and discard them. Lemon juice, canned, concentrated, dehydrated or fresh is used to prepare carbonated beverages and lemonades. It may also be used to wash the bottom of a copper vessel.
Lemon leaf
Lemon leaves are dark green, arranged alternatively on the stem. It has a herbal use due to its cleansing nature. 
Lemon rind
Lemon rind is the peel or the skin of lemon fruit. To remove lemon rind, wash the fruit thoroughly. Now place the lemon unpeeled on the holes of the grater and gently start peeling the skin from top to bottom. It should consist of only the thin yellow skin and not the white portion. It has a nice fragrance and is used as ingredient in baked goods. The lemon rind should be stored in air tight container under refrigeration until its use. Its main purpose is to flavour food. You can also use it in garnishing a salad or in dressing or for a mocktail, which consists of lemon fruit.
Lemon slices
For slicing lemon, first wash it under running water. Now hold on a chopping board and with a sharp knife, start slicing it. The diameter may be around ½ inch, but it is not necessary that all the slices are exactly the same. Lemon may be thinly or thickly sliced as per the recipe requirement. The slices can be used on mocktail glasses as a garnish. Recipes like Lemon Pie, iced lemon treat can also be made using lemon slices.
Lemon wedges
First wash the lemon under running water. Now hold it on a chopping board. Now cut it unpeeled vertically into 2 halves on a chopping board. Now make 2-3 thick slices of both the halves, of the desired thickness. These are called the lemon wedges and are very much used in photography of food recipes and drinks.


How to select lemon



Select the mature ones, which are yellow coloured and emit a nice fragrance. The thinner the peel or skin, the sweeter the fruit. Avoid buying the blemished or bruised fruits or those with any rotten smell.

There are a variety of lemons like the hybrid of orange lemon named as Meyer Lemon. It is less acidic or tart comparatively and named after Frank Meyer.

The seedless variety is Armstrong Lemon, in which there are no seeds.

Culinary uses of Lemon, nimbu in Indian cooking



· Lemons are used widely in many preparations.
· Because of the tart flavor, many lemon-flavored drinks and candies are available in the market.
· The skin can be peeled and used as toppings in desserts or cocktails.
· Lemons can pickled and stored.
· Lemon juice, canned, concentrated, dehydrated or fresh is used to prepare carbonated beverages and lemonades.
· Lemon slices are used in fish and meat dishes as a garnish.
· Also lemon can be used in making soups.

How to store Lemon, nimbu

Lemons have a good shelf life over all, but start deteriorating due to moisture loss or pests infestation. So it would be preferable to consume it as they ripen. It can be stored under refrigeration temperature, in perforated net bags and not in plastic bags. They stay fresh for 4-5 days after ripening in refrigerator. Green fruits may be held for 4 months or more, while the peel becomes yellow and thinner, the pulp juicier (6-80%) and the proportion of soluble solids higher (7-24%). Sometimes the degreening process is hastened commercially by exposing the fruit to ethylene gas, ethephon, or silane.

Health Benefits of Lemon, nimbu

· When consumed during jaundice and fever, it gives a cooling effect.
· Lemon is a low calorie fruit and can be eaten by those on fruit diets to lose weight
· It has good dietary fiber with a low glycemic index, thus good for diabetics.
· It is rich in Vitamins A, C and B complex required by the body for its processes.
· Minerals such as iron, calcium, phosphorus and potassium are also present.
· It has good amount of water content and can be given to patients suffering from dehydration.

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